The Impact of Extracorporeal Shock Wave Therapy on Pain and Range of Motion in the Knee Joint


  • Dong Haisheng College of Physical Education, Southwest University, China


Extracorporeal Shock Wave; Knee Joint; Sports Injury; Activity


Knee joint sports injuries significantly affect athletes’ performance and well-being. These injuries predominantly involve damage to structures such as medial and lateral collateral ligaments, the cruciate ligaments, and menisci, alongside potential traumatic synovitis. Traditional treatments often require long recovery periods and invasive procedures which may not be feasible for all patients. This study explores the application of extracorporeal shock wave therapy (ESWT) as a non-invasive alternative. Extracorporeal shock wave therapy utilizes sound waves with mechanical properties to generate energy through the rapid compression of a medium caused by high-speed motion and vibration. This technique has been recognized for its safety, efficacy, and non-invasive nature, making it an appealing option for treating musculoskeletal disorders. ESWT focuses energy on the injured area to promote regeneration and repair processes, potentially reducing pain and enhancing recovery speed. Despite the growing global use of ESWT in orthopedics, there remains a lack of comprehensive studies specifically examining its effects on sports-related soft tissue injuries in the knee ligaments in China. This research aims to fill that gap by systematically evaluating the efficacy of ESWT in the treatment of knee ligament injuries among athletes. The study measures outcomes based on pain reduction, improvement in joint function, and overall recovery time. The innovative approach taken by using ESWT, and the significance of filling a research gap in the Chinese context. The findings are expected to contribute valuable insights into alternative treatment modalities for sports-related knee injuries, offering benefits such as reduced recovery times and avoidance of surgical interventions


Dai, Y., Li, C., & Xiao, X., et al. (2012). Clinical application of extracorporeal radiation shock wave in exercise-induced soft tissue injury. Chinese Medical Guide, 10(17), 173-174.

Han, J., Liu, Z., & Li, T. (2019). Effect of traditional release of joint adhesions combined with fumigation of Chinese medicine on sports knee joint injury. Hebei Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine, 46(03), 443-446.

Li, Y. (2015). Experimental study of hydrotherapy training on knee joint injury recovery of Beijing No. 4 Middle School Men's Basketball players (Doctoral dissertation). Capital Institute of Physical Education.

Li, Y., Qiu, L., & Wang, B. (2019). Effect of extracorporeal shock wave combined with minimally invasive arthroscopic surgery in the treatment of exercise-induced rotator cuff injury and its effect on shoulder joint function. Chinese Contemporary Medicine, 31(08), 47-50.

Liang, H., Jia, H., Zhu, J., et al. (2023). Chinese guidelines for extracorporeal shock wave therapy for osteomuscular diseases (2023 edition). Chinese Journal of Frontiers in Medicine (Electronic Edition), 15(09), 1-20.

Niu, L., Sun, Y., Bian, C., et al. (2019). Characteristics, causes, prevention and control of youth soccer injury: Based on literature review. Journal of Jilin Provincial Institute of Education, 39(12), 141-152.

Pan, G. (2021). Effect of shock wave on pain and stability of old ankle sprain (Doctoral dissertation). Shandong Physical Education University.

Shan, B., Wang, Z., Song, R., et al. (2023). Investigation and analysis of knee joint injury of freestyle wrestlers in Shandong Province. Chinese Sports Coaches, 31(04), 69-72.

Sun, X., Zhao, X., & Chen, W. (2019). Clinical effect evaluation of acupuncture combined with massage in the treatment of knee joint sports injury. Massage and Rehabilitation Medicine, 14(10), 11-14. (in Chinese)

Wang, W. (2016). Clinical analysis of postoperative anesthesia complications in elderly patients. Chinese Journal of Continuing Medical Education, 8(22), 54-55. (in Chinese)

Wu, G. (2023). The causes and preventive measures of basketball injury in school sports. Journal of Henan Institute of Education (Natural Science Edition), 32(04), 87-91.

Xing, G. (2014). The past, present and future of shockwave medicine. Chinese Journal of Frontiers in Medicine, 6(06), 1-2.

Xiong, X., & Lin, J. (2019). Effects of traditional Chinese acupuncture and moxibustion combined with targeted functional exercise on pain degree, knee function, and knee motion in patients with knee motion injury. Inner Mongolia Traditional Chinese Medicine, 43(01), 99-101.

Yin, X. (2014). Study of extracorporeal shock wave combined with physical rehabilitation training on the treatment of patellar tendon terminal disease in Liaoning elite track and field athletes (Doctoral dissertation). Liaoning Normal University.




How to Cite

Dong Haisheng. (2024). The Impact of Extracorporeal Shock Wave Therapy on Pain and Range of Motion in the Knee Joint. International Journal of Education and Humanities, 4(3), 227–232. Retrieved from